Source List

Below is the list of sources I have compiled from the several hours of research I have done in relation to my chosen topic. I have placed them in this particular because I feel it will bring the reader on a similar journey to the one that I experienced while doing the research itself. The further down the source list you go, the more specific the sources become. Furthermore, the information will all cumulate to provide in-depth knowledge of what I aim to present to my audience by the end of my research. As you go down the list of sources, you will notice how my sources become more specific to my finalized topic; the dangers of mobile phone use behind the wheel. If you read down the sources in the order I have put them, you will notice how the sources range from mobile phone addiction to more specific sources such as statistics on the dangers of mobile phone use while driving. I think my sources progress well from the previous one as they all  pose a further question. Having done this research, I pose the question of: Can we say no to mobile phones? I feel the answer to this is no, there is proof with the significant amount of deaths annually that mobile phones can bring about so many negatives i.e. while driving, in classrooms etc. Throughout this source list you will be presented with information that will, hopefully, make you realize that your mobile phone can wait.

Mobile Phone Addiction

The most interesting thing I found within my first source was the effect mobile phone addiction can have on character traits, for example, high anxiety, and teenagers’ low self-esteem etc. This article was written in November, 2012 by Da-Yeah University’s Graduate Institute of Professional Development department in Taiwan. This source relates closely to many of my other sources in the sense that they all focus highly on mobile phone addiction and the negative effect it has on individuals. I have decided to focus my research question on primarily the negatives that come with mobile phone dependence. Having read this particular article, I have been given insight into the negative effects mobile phone dependence/addiction can have on an individual’s character and how easily experts can determine what traits someone may possess simply because of what they do most with their mobile phone. This article makes me want to broaden my knowledge further on the effects mobile phone overuse has on the brain. Some words from the article I have listed as ‘good search terms’ are: extraversion and social anxiety.

Hong, F. Y., Chiu, S. I., & Huang, D. H. (2012, November). Mobile Phone Addiction.                             Retrieved March 27, 2017, from                                                                                                                       

Sherry Turkle – Ted Talk

My second source is a TED Talk performed by Sherry Turtle. For me, this was an extremely interesting source having read her book Reclaiming Conversation which concentrated a lot on technology and the negative effects it has on society. This TED Talk took place on November 20, 2014. This source concentrates on how the use of technology, including mobile phones, can make us feel connected when in reality we are in isolation. This video made me realize the false sense of security we get from our mobile phones and how it can be destructive within our day-to-day lives. This can be closely related with addiction as we cannot separate ourselves from our devices. I gained several new perspectives having watched this video, including the likes of how mobile phones can disconnect us from our daily lives. This source has led me to believe mobile phones do far more harm than good and should be used in moderation to help promote a healthier lifestyle. It also raised the question of ‘Are we ever fully connected through our devices?’.

Furthermore, I find the more research I do the more my topic has changed. For example, when I started out I hadn’t focused on the more negative effects of how dependent we are on our mobile phones. This helps me better understand the research process how the more research I do the more strength and specificity my guiding question has. In my opinion, my guiding question is extremely interesting and although I may alter it slightly in the future, I think it has great depth to it.

Effects of Mobile Phone Use on the Brain

This article is focused on the negative effects that mobile phone use can have on the brain. In the introductory paragraph, the author, highlights that concerns continue to be raised about potential adverse health impacts associated with their use. These range from cancer and cognitive deficiencies to subjective effects, such as a feeling of warmth around the ear used, headache and fatigue. This article provides an overview of the concerns raised and summarizes what is known about them which I think is extremely important for mobile phone users to be aware of.

The author presents to us as readers his argument that mobile phones may actually cause more harm than good in the long run, without us realizing it. The first studies of this kind took place in the USA, Sweden, Denmark and Finland yet the results showed no significant association between digital mobile phone use and malignant brain tumors. The main gist of what the author is trying to get across to his audience is the negative effect mobile phones can have on the human brain in situations such as driving, overuse etc. A strong link has been found between mobile phone use while driving and the occurrence of traffic accidents, resulting in some governments taking steps to ban mobile phone use when navigating traffic. Yet there has been no significant relationship has been established between mobile phone use and the incidence or growth of cancer, especially brain tumours. Although there is still justification for further studies, which look at the risks of longer-term mobile phone use (approx. over 15 years), these type of studies address a broad range of health outcomes, not only brain tumors.

Therefore, parents must look after their children from a young age as they may be effected in later life. The authors of this particular article: F. Samkange-Zeeb and M. Blettner have been working to provide an overview of the concerns raised with mobile phone use since it was published on June 12, 2009. It can almost be viewed as a shout out to all mobile phone users to broaden their knowledge of how the device can negatively impact them if it is not used in moderation.

Health Risks of Mobile Phones

This particular article highlights the many health risks that are involved with the use of mobile phones. I found it extremely interesting how unaware of the risks involved with movie phone use that most people are. The main argument that the author poses is that of the exposure of Radio-Frequency (RF) from mobile phones.

I feel this source refers to many of the sources I have research as they are all focusing on negative effects of not only mobile phone use but overuse also. It mentions the relationship between mobile phone use and cancer which is also a field I am extremely interested in researching for my topic. This leads me to the next branch of questions: What else does it make you want to know? Search for next? What questions does this source raise for you? Having read this article, I am interested to find out about what areas of the brain is effected and how the radioactive waves coming from the mobile phone itself can promote brain tumors. This leads me to pose the question of: Is the belief that ‘mobile phone use promotes cancer’ a myth?

In conclusion, there are several key words and phrases within this article but the three words I have put most emphasis on are: Health risks, Radio-Frequency (RF) and Cancer. I felt these are the three words that could help aid me in finding what I want to know next.

Time For Digital Detox

The first article that I have decided to discuss highlights the need for a digital detox within the younger generation, i.e college students, adolescents etc. It covers the negative effects mobile phone use has on an individual. For example, when college students multi-task with mobile phones in classrooms, research indicates it may hamper their ability to pay attention. This behavior, research suggests, has become more habitual, automatic, and distracting. I found it extremely interesting how a mobile phone can play such a huge part in the life of so many students albeit in a negative way. From this particular research, it appears that students are not willing to simply give up their mobile phones in class and would continue to try to phub even if classroom policies banned their possession or use. The dictionary defines ‘phubbing’ as the practice of ignoring one’s companion or companions in order to pay attention to one’s phone or another mobile device. When students understand the need to have a mobile phone policy and can help to set that policy for a class, they may be more likely to comply. Although many of the offending students may not be aware that their behavior is causing a distraction for their classmates, or that phubbing could be a problem for the instructor. However, this article would suggest that having a mobile phone policy in place is not enough.

Mobile Phone Effects On Teenagers

My second article goes into the negative effects mobile phone use can have on teenagers. I feel this topic is extremely important to highlight as it applies to the majority of households today. Effects such as Teen Tendonitis (TTT), stress, sleep loss, accidents, increased anxiety, the risk of cancer and cyber-bullying all contribute towards the negativity that surrounds mobile phone use. Two of the most serious effects I wanted to highlight was accidents and the risk of cancer in later life. Firstly, teens are more likely to respond to calls, text while driving, and riding than adults. They talk and text on the phone without realizing that it can cost their lives. The U.S. Government driving website has proven that traffic crashes are the leading cause of death in teens. Secondly, in relation to cancer, research shows that electromagnetic radiation emitted by mobile phones get absorbed in our tissues when we hold the phone for longer times. The nervous systems of teens are still developing and have a greater risk of developing brain cancer from cell phones than adults.

Texting and Driving Accidents

My third and final source deals with the relationship between mobile phone use and car accidents. Having read this article I will certainly think twice about grabbing my mobile phone the next time I am driving. Nowadays, smartphones have made it easy for us to stay connected at all times. But they can pose serious safety risks if someone decides to check his or her text messages, emails, etc. while driving. Cell phone distraction rates were alarmingly high in 2016. Here are some of the numbers:

  • Mobile phone use while driving accounts for 1.6 million crashes per year.
  • Texting while driving is 6 times more likely to cause an accident than driving drunk.
  • Answering a text takes away your attention for about five seconds. Traveling at 55 mph, that’s enough time to travel the length of a football field.
  • Of all mobile phone related tasks, texting is by far the most dangerous activity.
  • 11 teens die every day as a result of texting while driving.
  • Teen drivers are 4x more likely than adults to get into car crashes or near-crashes when talking or texting on a cell phone.

These statistics really opened my eyes to how many deaths could be avoided each year with a little more mobile phone distraction awareness.

The connections I am noticing between all my sources lead me to believe mobile phone use is far more negative than positive with it ultimately being labelled a distraction in most situations. When doing further research in the future, I will be sure to find out about mobile phone radiation and if it increases the risks of cancer in teens. Finally, the more my topic is developing the more knowledge I am gaining in relation to integrating what I am learning into my own life for optimum health.

TEDx Talk

Rather than focusing on the negative effects in relation to mobile phone use in this blog post, I have decided to highlight what good electronic devices can bring to the table. In this particular source, a TEDx talk performed by Paul Lewis focuses on the power of citizen journalists and their electronic devices. In this video, Lewis discusses how information can be misleading. The police are attempting to cover their tracks when they brutally kill a man in the first of the two cases, only for it to be caught on video camera by a bystander. The second was the brutal suffocation of a man who was being restrained in a dangerous hold on an airplane only to later stop breathing as a result of it. Lewis and his team were determined to get to the bottom of both cases in which were unfairly portrayed in the public eye.

I found the most surprising thing to come from this source to be the corruption within the police force. The fact that they were willing to deny any wrongdoing within both of the cases presented to us just goes to show the direction our world is going in: every man for himself. I am intrigued to find out about more cases that have been aided by citizen journalists and their electronic devices,  i.e mobile phones.

Mobile Phone Use On-Board

Within this article, the author talks about the frustration flight attendants encounter when attempting to prepare the passengers for take off, i.e asking them to oblige by the rules by turning their mobile devices off or on airplane mode at least. It highlights the fact that mobile phones make their job harder than it should be and especially with passengers like the example they give in the article in which he refuses to hang up his phone call. Thus, causing the pilot and flight attendants to take more serious measures. The pilot turned the plane around, went back to the gate, and had the man pulled off the plane by armed guards.  The flight attendants then explained the passenger was in violation of FAA regulations and would now face a fine and possible criminal charges. The other passengers and I sat there, stunned. It was only last year when the FAA deemed the use of mobile phones as safe during takeoff and landing, once the airplane is equipped with proper interference technology. This article was extremely interesting for me as mobile phones have become a huge distraction even in the workplace.

It Can Wait

This local county newspaper (Chester County, Pa) article discusses the deadly effects of mobile phone usage while driving. There are many dangers involved with driving but very few more so than mobile phone use itself.  Many responsibilities are tied to driving and one of the most important is that we need to be careful on the roads and try to steer clear from distractions. The deadliest of all: texting and driving. Each year, over 330,000 accidents are caused by texting while driving lead to severe injuries. Astonishingly, cell phone use behind the wheel kills 3,300 distracted american drivers every year, and only society can change this by simply remembering that texting can always wait. I found this article extremely interesting as it relates heavily to the area I want to base my research project on. In my opinion, the most surprising quote from this source was “60% of drivers use cellphones while driving”. This was extremely surprising to me as people are aware of the risks involved with mobile phone use while driving yet, on average, 6 in every 10 people in the US do continue to do it.

The Numbers Don’t Lie

I felt this article was extremely important to include in one of my research blog because in reality, the proof is in the pudding. The numbers don’t lie. In this particular article by The Huffington Post they capture 10 shocking statistics associated with mobile phone use while driving. For example:

  1. There are 9 americans killed each day from motor vehicle accidents that involved distracted driving, such as using a cellphone.

This was the most surprising statistic to me as approximately 3,300 needless deaths could be prevented each year.

6. You are four times more likely to be in a crash when using your mobile phone.

9. 46 states in the US have banned texting while driving regardless of age.

10. People in the 21-24 age bracket are more likely to send a text or email while driving, according to a 2012 survey.


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